Drawing of a Lozenge Brooch

Drawing of a copper alloy lozenge brooch

Drawing of a copper alloy lozenge brooch in the Borre style. This type of brooch was common throughout the Danelaw in the Viking Age and was used as an accessory by women who wore Scandinavian dress.

Scandinavian brooches came in a variety of sizes and shapes which included disc, trefoil, lozenge, equal-armed, and oval shapes. The different brooch types served a variety of functions in Scandinavian female dress with oval brooches typically being used as shoulder clasps for apron-type dresses and the rest being used to secure an outer garment to an inner shift. Anglo-Saxon brooches do not match this diversity of form with large disc brooches being typical of ninth century dress styles with smaller ones becoming more popular in the later ninth and tenth centuries. However, since disc brooches were used by both Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian women they are distinguished by their morphology. Scandinavian brooches were typically domed with a hollow back while Anglo-Saxon brooches were usually flat. Moreover, Anglo-Saxon brooches were worn singly without accompanying accessories.

Object Type



circa 900 — 1066


Ascribed Culture



Viking Designs


Borre, brooch, copper_alloy, Danelaw, drawing, jewellery, Lincolnshire, Portable_Antiquities_Scheme, Viking, women

Further information


Drawn by Adam Parsons of Blueaxe Reproductions

Jane F. Kershaw, Viking Identities: Scandinavian jewellery in England, Oxford University Press (2013), p. 20-25, 47.


Portable Antiquities Scheme