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Viking Objects

Tongue-Shaped Strap-End (DENO-1268B3)

An incomplete, copper-alloy strap-end with anthropomorphic designs. These types of strap-ends were popular in both Scandinavia and on the Carolingian continent between the 9th and 10th centuries and were regularly used to embellish baldrics. Strap-ends came in various styles and were fairly common throughout the Viking world. They were used to decorate the ends of belts and to stop them getting damaged.

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Viking Objects

Carolingian Denier (LIN-F6C6E1)

A Carolingian silver denier issued by Louis the Pious and classified as a Christiana Religio type, which was his third and last coinage. It is possible that it made its way to England prior to Viking incursions but it is equally likely that the Vikings brought this coin with them as plunder after raiding in Frankia.

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Viking Objects

Carolingian Style Strap-End (NARC-10F5B2)

 This silver strap-end is decorated with foliate design cast in relief and is categorized as Thomas (2003) Class E, Type 5 (Carolingian). Carolingian belt fittings from England could have been imported either indirectly through Scandinavia or directly from the Continent. It is possible that this strap end was brought over by Scandinavians after their raids on the continent.

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Viking Objects

Carolingian Trefoil Mount (LEIC-C5F14A)

This Carolingian trefoil mount has holes drilled through it for affixing to a surface, possibly a book. It is likely to have been brought from the European continent by Viking raiders or traders.

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Viking Objects

Copper-Alloy Ansate Brooch (NLM-AED2E2)

The design of these brooches is a variant known as ‘caterpillar’ type which is typically geographically limited to areas bordering the North Sea, though the quantity found in England may indicate local manufacture. The original design of the brooch has a Carolingian origin. Ansate brooches are dated to between the seventh and ninth centuries though the finds at Coppergate in York may extend their popularity into the tenth century. It is possible that this particular example made its way to England prior to Viking incursions but it is equally likely that the Vikings brought this brooch with them as plunder after raiding in Frankia. For more information on Scandinavian jewellery in England check out our blog: Brooches, Pendants and Pins: Scandinavian Dress Accessories in England.

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Viking Objects

Imitation Carolingian Gold Solidus (CM.521-1998)

This cut-quarter of an imitation gold solidus is one of 80 known imitations as opposed to 15 official solidi and is a copy of coins issued by Louis the Pious (778-840 CE). It was probably made somewhere in Frisia on the north-west coast of what is now the Netherlands.  The importance of this carefully divided quarter-coin is as evidence for the acceptance of solidi on its actual monetary value rather than as mere bullion in the 9th century; if it were hack-gold it would not have been cut so meticulously. The Vikings would have obtained real and imitation Carolingian coins through their raiding and trading activities in the Frankish Empire.

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Viking Designs

Drawing of a Carolingian Trefoil Mount

Drawing of a copper alloy and gilded Carolingian mount with niello inlay found in Leicestershire. The mount has holes drilled through it for affixing to a surface, possibly a book, or perhaps to repurpose it as a pendant.

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Viking Objects

Coin of Pepin III (1989-58/3841)

This is a silver denier of Pepin III,  also known as ‘the Short’ (King of the Franks 751-768), minted at Verdun. The Vikings would have obtained real and imitation Carolingian coins through their raiding and trading activities in the Frankish Empire.

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Viking Objects

Square Mammen Style Brooch ( LEIC-6AF276)

This small brooch features a bird depicted in the Mammen style. This style of brooch appears to have been produced in the Danelaw but, generally, Mammen-style decoration is rare in Britain. This brooch from Linwood, Lincolnshire, is paralleled by examples from West Stow Heath, Suffolk, and Bergh Apton, Norfolk, but further examples from Cambridgeshire and East Anglia were found in 2015 and 2016. It is a type which has Carolingian-inspired shapes and Scandinavian decoration. Such brooches were an accessory for women who wore Scandinavian dress. For more information on Scandinavian jewellery in England check out our blog: Brooches, Pendants and Pins: Scandinavian Dress Accessories in England.

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Viking Objects

Quartered Carolingian Gold Solidus (CM.163-2010)

This gold solidus of the Carolingian emperor, Louis the Pious (778-840 CE), was cut into pieces as hack-gold. Unlike the imitation gold solidus from the same era, it has not been cut carefully into quarters. Instead it has been snipped to the right size for weighing. Gold coins were used in the Carolingian empire until it adopted a silver standard.

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Viking Objects

Reproduction Trefoil Mount

A reproduction of copper alloy and gilded Carolingian mount with niello inlay found in Leicestershire. The mount has holes drilled through it for affixing to a surface, possibly a book, or perhaps to repurpose it as a pendant. These would have most likely been brought over by Vikings who had raided or traded on the European continent.

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