Old Norse Grímr (m.)

The Old Norse male name Grímr is common across the Scandinavian world, including the Viking diaspora. It is very common in place-names, though some of these might rather represent an Old English mythological name associated with Woden. For this reason, not all the hybrid names traditionally referred to as ‘Grimston hybrids’ necessarily have an Old Norse element and it is better to refer to them as Toton-hybrids. However, where the name is compounded with an Old Norse element such as -by (as in Grimsby), it is likely that it represents the Old Norse personal name.

In Old Norse, Grímr is related to the word gríma ‘mask’ and mythological texts relate that is one of the god Óðinn’s by-names, deriving from his penchant for travelling about in disguise. It is also a common element in compound personal names, such as Þorgrímr.

Old Norse Name


Anglicised Name




Features in Saga

‘The saga of Egill Skallagrimsson.’ Egill saga Skalla-grímssonar. Ed. Sigurður Nordal. Islenzk Fornrit, Vol. 2. (Reykjavík: : Hið Isleznka Fornritafélag, 1933.) [Throughout]

The saga of Egil Skallagrimsson. Trans. Leifur Eiriksson. London: Penguin Classics, 2004.

“The saga of Gisli Sursson.’ Gíslis saga Súrssonar. Vestfirðinga sögur. Eds. Björn K. Þórólfsson and Guðni Jónsson. Íslenzk Fornrit, Vol. 6. Reykjavík: : Hið Isleznka Fornritafélag, 1943.) Chapter 4.

Gisli Sursson’s Saga and the Saga of the People of Eyri. Trans. Martin Regal and Judy Quinn. London: Penguin Classics, 2004.)

Ascribed Culture


Viking Names


male_name, mythology, Norse_mythology, Odin, personal-name

Further information

This object is related to Grimsby, Lincolnshire.
Find out about Grimsby, Lincolnshire.


Gillian Fellows Jensen, Scandinavian Personal Names in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire. Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag (1968), pp. 105-107.

E. H. Lind. Norsk-Islandska Dopnamn ock Fingerade Namn fran Medeltiden. (Uppsala: A.B. Lundequistska Bokhandel, 1915) P. 359-361.

E.H. Lind. Norsk-Isländska Dopnamn ock Fingerade Namn Från Medeltiden. Supplementband. (Oslo: Jacob Dybwads Bokhandel, 1931) P.306 – 314.