The first element of Kirk Ireton, in the Wirksworth Hundred of Derbyshire, is the genitive singular or plural of the Old Norse ethnonym Íri, ‘an Irishman; probably also a Norseman who had lived in Ireland’ combined with the Old English element tun ‘an enclosure; a farmstead; a village; an estate’. Old Norse kirkja ‘a church’ was affixed at a later date.
Traditionally, the place-name has been interpreted as referring to a settlement of Irishmen; probably Norsemen who lived in Ireland. However, the exact implications of such a name are not yet fully understood and are the subject of ongoing work by Dr Jayne Carroll of the Institute for Name-Studies, University of Nottingham.
- Viking Names
- Derbyshire, ethnonym, hybrid name, Irish, kirk, Norse, place-name
This object is related to
Kirk Ireton, Derbyshire.
Find out about Kirk Ireton, Derbyshire.
Jayne Carroll, forthcoming.
Kenneth Cameron, The Place-Names of Derbyshire II. English Place-Name Society Volume XXVIII (1959), p. 381.