Drawing of a Brooch with Backwards-Facing Beast

Drawing of a disc brooch with a backwards-facing beast motif

Drawing of a disc brooch found at South Ferriby, Lincolnshire with a backwards-facing beast motif.

Brooches were a typical part of female dress. Scandinavian brooches came in a variety of sizes and shapes which included disc, trefoil, lozenge, equal-armed, and oval shapes. The different brooch types served a variety of functions in Scandinavian female dress with oval brooches typically being used as shoulder clasps for apron-type dresses and the rest being used to secure an outer garment to an inner shift. Anglo-Saxon brooches do not match this diversity of form with large disc brooches being typical of ninth century dress styles with smaller ones becoming more popular in the later ninth and tenth centuries. However, since disc brooches were used by both Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian women they are distinguished by their morphology. Scandinavian brooches were typically domed with a hollow back while Anglo-Saxon brooches were usually flat. Moreover, Anglo-Saxon brooches were worn singly without accompanying accessories.

Object Type



circa 850 — 900

Ascribed Culture



Viking Designs


Anglo-Scandinavian, brooch, copper_alloy, drawing, jewellery, Lincolnshire, Portable_Antiquities_Scheme, South_Ferriby, women

Further information

This object is related to South Ferriby, Lincolnshire.
Find out about South Ferriby, Lincolnshire.


Drawn by Adam Parsons of Blueaxe Reproductions


Portable Antiquities Scheme

Kershaw, Jane F. Viking identities: Scandinavian jewellery in England. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), p. 20-25.